Robison must act to tackle Scotland’s housing crisis - David Alexander
There is little doubting the enormity of the task facing Scottish Finance Minister Shona Robison in next week’s Budget. There is a reported £1bn hole in the finances of the country and this must be met with appropriate decisions which both stimulate the economy whilst also balancing the books.
A major issue which should form part of Ms Robison’s deliberations must be housing. With Argyll and Bute, Edinburgh, and now Glasgow all declaring a housing emergency it is clear that the sector is facing major challenges which require immediate action.
There must be a broad range of initiatives to encourage more housebuilding in the private sector, a substantial increase in the number of social houses being built, support for the private rented sector (PRS) at a time of unprecedented demand, and greater financial incentives to first-time buyers and homeowners.
The scale of the problem can be seen in the latest statistics. New housebuilding all sector starts in the financial year of 202223 were at 18,890 while the figure for the second quarter of this year was just 4,268 - a reduction of 25.5 per cent on the same quarter in 2022.
We need to create an environment in which housebuilding companies are actively encouraged to build in Scotland and increase the number of homes they develop to keep up with demand and ease rising house prices.
Equally, the number of homes being built in the social housing sector needs to be increased by tens of thousands a year for at least the next decade. There were 607,000 social housing properties in 2007 when the current government came to power and by 2020 there were 608,000. Clearly supply has not kept up with demand for a very long time and this needs to be addressed immediately.
Greater support and encouragement for the private rented sector is equally essential if the current housing emergencies in our two largest cities are to be tackled.
There must also be greater encouragement for homebuyers through matching with England the price at which first-time buyers can purchase a home. Also, by standardising the rate of Land and Buildings Transaction tax (LBTT) to match the rest of the UK this would stimulate the Scottish market at a time when it is flattening. First-time buyers in Scotland pay LBTT from £175,000 compared to £425,000 in England and Wales.
Matching the rate would stimulate more people into the homeowning market. The 10 per cent rate of property tax is charged from £325,001 in Scotland while this rate isn’t charged in England until properties are worth more than £925,000, which is a clear disadvantage for Scots.
Many people can afford to buy properties worth £325,001 yet would never regard themselves as wealthy. We now have a remarkably high burden of property taxation being placed on the shoulders of middle earners which includes teachers, nurses, office workers and others.
While no-one doubts that this will be a tricky Budget it will only be by resolving many of the serious issues in Scotland’s housing sector that we will take the first steps in building growth in the economy and producing a more effective and equitable society.